Setrics Tracker
Need BLS, ACLS, PALS,
CPR or First Aid Class
in St. Louis?
Register Now!
Use Calendar Below
or Call Us.
314-600-2075

Flu vs Cold – outline notes

By at September 29, 2011 | 6:38 am | Print

I. Common Cold
A. Causative agent – virus
1. 5 different viruses – over 100 strains
B. Symptoms
1. Respiratory infection
a. Sore throat, sneezing, runny nose, congestion (thick yellow
mucus)
C. Cannot catch a cold from:
1. Draft, wet hair, sudden drop in temperature
D. No vaccine


II. Flu (Influenza)
A. Causative agent – virus
1. Strains – evolve very rapidly
a. Type A – most common, most serious epidemics
b. Type B – epidemics, but less severe symptoms than A
c. Type C – no epidemics
2. Symptoms
a. Extreme exhaustion
b. High fever
c. Headache
d. Body / muscle aches
e. Cough
f. Does not affect stomach or intestines
3. Spread by
a. Catch by contact with mucous membranes – eyes, nose, mouth
b. Virus is shed by mucus of infected people
c. Passes thru air or contact with contaminated object (fomite)
1) Hand to face — most common way to contract virus
2) Wash hands
4. Pandemics
a. 1918 Spanish flu
1) Over 20 million deaths worldwide; 500,00 in US
b. 1957 and 1968 Asian and Hong Kong flu
c. 2003 Avian flu outbreak
1) Usually flu virus moves from chickens to pigs, then to
humans
5. Flu complication – secondary infection by bacteria
6. Vaccine
a. A and B viruses expected to circulate
III. Treatments
A. Rest
B. Fluids
C. Gargle salt water
D. Steam to reduce congestion
E. Medicines
1. Antihistamines – runny nose, sneezing, however makes mucus thicker
2. Decongestants – relieve sinus pressure and stuffy nose
3. Analgesics
a. Acetaminophen, aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen
4. Cough suppressants
a. Dextromethorphan

Misc Articles Physiology outline notes

Related Posts

Trackbacks For This Post

  1. […] -colds and flu -Leprosy, Marlaria, TB, – Bubonic Plague -1894 causative agent discovered for Plague -rat flea infected with bacteria (Yersinia pestis);  as rats died fleas moved to humans […]

  2. […] differences between a cold and the flu are not many, and can be complicated to sort out. A cold is less severe than the flu. The flu can […]

2 Comments


Post Your Comments


× Yes, we are fully open and holding in-person classes as usual, as well as online classes.

[WARNING]: Since many individuals postponed their certifications due to COVID and are now registering again, classes are filling fast so register now to ensure your spot. See our course calendar for online registration or contact us directly by phone, live chat or email with questions.

*IMPORTANT NOTE: 100% of CPR St. Louis instructors have entirely completed (1) the rigorous and official American Heart Association instructor training and certification process, and (2) the “How to Teach a Stress-Free CPR Class™” classroom and testing training protocol that ensures a superior experience for everyone. In addition, students will receive their AHA Cards the day of class!