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Breast Cancer by Ejona Cekrezi

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Breast cancer is a malignant, metastasizing tumor of the mammary gland that is the primary cause of death for women of ages 35-45. Malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells than can grow into surrounding tissues or spread to distant areas of the human body. Breast cancer usually begins with the formation of a small lump (confined tumor), or as calcium deposits and then spreads through channels to the lymph nodes or through the blood stream to other organs.

There are different types of breast cancer who usually will grow and invade tissues around the breast, such as the skin or the wall’s of the chest. Different types of breast cancer might take years to spread beyond the breast, but other types will move quickly. Varying from the type of tumor some lumps are not cancerous, but however these can be premalignant. Early detection of breast cancer is by examining the tissues through a mammography. The question is what may be some of the causes of the breast cancer and how this tumor can be treated.

Certain changes in DNA can cause normal breast cells to become cancer. Different cancers have different risk factors. Some risk factors are smoking, drinking and others risks factors are genetically proven. About 5% to 10% of breast cancers are found to be linked to inherited mutations in certain genes. The most common gene changes are BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. Others risks factors such as a person’s age, race, or family history, can’t be changed, but they can be easy controlled through strict diet, daily exercise ,living an active life.

Early detection of this cancer and the use of clinical techniques have increased incredibly, so fortunately breast cancer is curable and can be treated.

1. Nutrition Action Health Letter; Jan/Feb96, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p1, 5p, 2 Color Photographs, 2 Charts, 2 Graphs
3. Anatomy Physiology; Martini/Nath,eighth edition, Chapter 28,p1073

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