Need BLS, ACLS, PALS,
CPR or First Aid Class
in St. Louis?
Register Now!
Use Calendar Below
or Call Us.
314-600-2075

Bone Formation and Calcium Regulation | Endocrine

By at September 23, 2011 | 10:36 am | Print

Bone formation via Endochondral ossification
1. Most bones
2. Mesenchymal cells differentiate into chondroblasts and produce hyaline
a. Interstitial and appositional growth
3. Perichondrium – chondrogenic cells; C.T. surrounds hyaline
a. Perichondrium becomes periosteum (osteoblasts) due to     increased blood supply

5 Steps of Endochondral Bone Development


8 weeks to birth

Step 1 – Bone collar forms around hyaline shaft (produced by   osteogenic layer of periosteum)

 Step 2 -chondrocytes hypertrophy and produce alkaline phosphatase
which causes cartilage calcification
-calcified hyaline matrix inhibits diffusion; chondrocytes die
and matrix breaks down
-cavity is formed when neighboring lacunae walls
break down

Step 3 -**Primary Ossification Center
-blood vessels enter bony collar and vascularize cavity
-periosteal bud – vessels, osteoprogenitor cells enter diaphysis
-osteoblasts lay down osteoid and form trabeculae
(spongy bone)

Around Birth

-Step 4 -osteoclasts continue to form medullary cavity
-ossification continues toward epiphyses

Step 5
-Secondary Ossification Center
-capillaries and osteoblasts enter epiphyses
-Spongy bone formed; no cavity
-Hyaline remains as: Articular cartilage and Epiphyseal plates

_______________________________

Examples of Calcium regulation via endocrine system
*2 Hormones involved

1. if Low [Ca2+] in blood stimulates the parathyroid glands to release
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) which
• stimulates osteoclasts
• enhances action of calcitriol
• decrease Ca2+ excretion at kidney

RESULTS in increase in blood [Ca2+]

2. if High [Ca2+] in blood stimulates the thyroid gland to release calcitonin  which
• inhibits osteoclasts
• increase rate of Ca2+ excretion at kidney
• decrease action of calcitriol

RESULTS in decrease in blood [Ca2+]

 

 

 

Misc Articles Physiology outline notes

Related Posts

Post Your Comments


× Yes, we are your local American Heart Association training site. We offer in-person classes, skills checks, and blended online learning.

*IMPORTANT NOTE: 100% of CPR St. Louis instructors have entirely completed (1) the rigorous and official American Heart Association instructor training and certification process, and (2) the “How to Teach a Stress-Free CPR Class™” classroom and testing training protocol that ensures a superior experience for everyone. In addition, students will receive their AHA Cards the day of class!

[WARNING]: Because of the high quality, stress-free classroom student experience, our classes fill very fast - so register now to ensure your spot. See our course calendar for online registration or contact us directly by phone, live chat or email with questions.